- KIRCHHEIM, RAPHAEL (1804–1889), German scholar and author. Kirchheim was born in Frankfurt. He served as shoḥet in Frankfurt and later became a partner in a banking house, which allowed him to devote most of his time to scholarly pursuits. He was at first an opponent of Reform and severely criticized the radicalism of the 1845 rabbinical assemblies of Brunswick and Frankfurt, as in his edition of S.J. Rapoport, Tokhaḥat Megullah (Heb. and Ger., 1845) and his open letter to A.J. Adler of Worms (1845). Under the influence of abraham geiger , however, he became a proponent of Reform. Kirchheim edited Geiger's Hebrew writings under the title Kevuẓat Ma'amarim (1877). Among Kirchheim's published works are the annotations to the section "Va'ad la-Ḥakhamim" and a biography of Ḥ.J.D. Azulai in the annotated edition of Azulai's biobibliographical lexicon Shem ha-Gedolim prepared by Kirchheim in association with A. Fuld and others (1847); Karmei Shomron (1851), a study of the history, religion, and literature of the Samaritans; an edition with commentary of the seven minor Palestinian tractates, Sheva Massekhtot Ketannot Yerushalmiyyot (1851, repr. 1966); an edition of Eliezer Ashkenazi's Ta'am Zekenim (1854); an edition of Perush al Divrei ha-Yamim, a tenth-century commentary on Chronicles (1874); the introduction to B. Goldberg's 1856 edition of Ibn Janah's Sefer ha-Rikmah; and a number of other introductions. In his Neue Exegetenschule (1867) he severely criticized S.R. Hirsch's Pentateuch commentary, particularly his extravagant etymologies. Kirchheim's library passed to the Religious School of the Frankfurt community and later to the National and University Library, Jerusalem. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: S. Unna, in: JJLG, 12 (1918), 318ff.; 20 (1929), 19ff.; B.Z. Dinur, in: KS, 1 (1924), 150ff., 318ff.; 4 (1927), 67ff., 166ff., 328ff.; J. Unna, in: BLBI, 4 (1961), 221–31.
Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.
Look at other dictionaries:
Kirchheim, Raphael — (1804 89) German scholar. He was born in Frankfurt am Main and became a partner in a banking house. Initially he was an opponent of Reform Judaism, but under the influence of Abraham Geiger he became a supporter. His publications include… … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
Raphael Kirchheim — (born in Frankfort on the Main 1804; died there September 61889) was a German Jewish scholar.LifeFor some time he was shoḥeṭ in the Orthodox congregation of Samson Raphael Hirsch in Frankfort, where he spent his whole life. He assented to the… … Wikipedia
Heidelberg-Neuenheim — Neuenheim Stadtteil von Heidelberg … Deutsch Wikipedia
Dekanat München-Trudering — Basisdaten Diözese Erzbistum München und Freising Dekan … Deutsch Wikipedia
Weigle (Orgel) — Seit 5 Generationen baut die Familie Weigle Orgeln im Raum Stuttgart. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Firmengeschichte 2 Personen 2.1 Carl Gottlieb Weigle 2.2 Friedrich Weigle 2.3 Friedrich Weigle … Deutsch Wikipedia
Dekanat Esslingen-Nürtingen — Bistum: Rottenburg Stuttgart Seelsorgeeinheiten: 14 Gemeinden: 40 davon 8 muttersprachliche Gemeinden … Deutsch Wikipedia
ANGELS AND ANGELOLOGY — ANGELS AND ANGELOLOGY. The entry is arranged according to the following outline: bible terminology angels as a group the angel of the lord in the hagiographa silence of the prophets ezekiel and zechariah daniel apocrypha among the jewish sects… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Echterdingen — Wappen Deutschlandkarte … Deutsch Wikipedia
Filderkrautfest — Wappen Deutschlandkarte … Deutsch Wikipedia
Leinfelden — Wappen Deutschlandkarte … Deutsch Wikipedia